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中考题型专练之语法复习(动词语态)

发布者:管理员 发布时间:2021-4-2 10:33:03 阅读:9

中考题型专练之语法复习(动词语态)

考点一: 在语境中将语态与时态相结合

【经典习题】

(   )  1. The doctor looked over John carefully after he  to the hospital.

A. is taking          B. is taken      

C. took         D. was taken

(   )  2. — Look! What a nice garden!

       — Yes. It  every day.

A. has been cleaned B. is cleaned    

C. is being cleaned   D. was cleaned

(   )  3. I don’t think sixteen-year-olds should  to drive on their own.

A. allow         B. be allowing    

C. be allowed      D. not allow

(   )  4. The task  in an hour. Then you can go home and have a good rest.

A. will be finished B. was finished

C. has finished D. will finish

(   )  5. — Have you moved into your new apartment?

— Not yet. It .

A. is being painted B. is being painting

C. is painting         D. is painted

(   )  6. What good news! The thief  by the police already.

    A. is caught       B. caught        

C. has caught     D. has been caught    

【考点点拨】

动词语态是动词的一种形式,用来表示句中主语和谓语动词之间的关系。语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。被动语态由“助动词be + 及物动词的-ed形式”构成。

 

考点二:使用语态时的几个注意点

【经典习题】

(   )  1. The young man was often seen  by the lake.

A. to draw        B. to drawing      

C. draw        D. drew

(   )  2. — Excuse me. I want to buy some of Jay’s CDs.

       — Sorry, they are . But we’ll get some more next week because they .

A. sold well; are on sale             

B. selling well; sell well

C. sold out; sell well                

D. sold out; were on sale

(   )  3. In many places of China, old people  not only by their family but also by the local governments.

    A. are taking good care             

B. are taken good care

    C. are taking good care of           

D. are taken good care of  

(   )  4. Great changes  in my hometown. Many tall buildings .

A. have taken place; have set up

B. have taken place; have been set up

C. were taken place; were set up

D. have been taken place; have been set up

(   )  5. This dress  smooth and soft. I would like to buy it.

    A. felt         B. is being felt     

C. is felt       D. feels

【考点点拨】

★ 主动语态中make, see, watch, hear等后作宾补的不带to的动词不定式,在改为被动语态时,需要补出动词不定式符号 to。

★ feel, look, smell, sound, taste等感官动词后接形容词作表语时,没有被动语态,其主动形式表示被动意义。

★ 当sell, open, lock, write, burn, drive, wash等词的主语为物时,其主动形式表示被动意义。

★不及物动词(短语)没有被动语态,如happen, last, rise, fall, appear, come out, take place等。

★ 将短语动词作为整体看待,改为被动语态时必须保持其完整性,如hand in, talk about, use up, pay attention to, take care of, make use of, make fun of等短语动词在改为被动语态时,其中的介词或副词不可漏掉。

 

 

 

Key:

考点一:1-6 DBCAAD

考点二:1-5 ACDBD